sport is to take off by means of running from a high hill
instead of plane with a parachute similar to free style
jumping parachute on the first look. Parachute, which is
lied on a inclined and high hill, is filled with air with
the running of pilot and take off with pilot. Periods of
the flights can continue for kilometers / hours in
connection with experience of the pilot and performance of
the materials used. Although it can be for single person,
there is two persons ( tandem ) wings.
Paragliding , whose first
trial had been made on 1940s, had been numerously modified
till today, and lots of structural improvements which
increase the flight period and security, had been
performed. First paragliding was similar to free style
diving parachute. It had turned into an aerophyl structure
which has high raising power instead of its pressure
enduring characteristic with changing in time. Paragliding
parachute wing structure had reached to its appropriate
shape for easy to take off, slowly descending ratio and
good flying performance, beginning from 1980s.
Paragliding Sport in our
country had been recognized with the discover by foreign
pilots of Mount Baba in Fethiye, Ölüdeniz (Blue Lagoon)
region at the beginning of 1990s, and actively started in
university clubs initially. Being the most economical
aerial vessel and being inside the natural sports,
maintained it to be performed by a massive number of
people today. ParaglidingParachute Sport, which does not
require a special skill or much effort basically, is very
easy and enjoying to do after a standard training.
Paragliding training are organized by THK, university
clubs and private clubs.
Some of the Flight
ÖLÜDENİZ - BABADAĞ
Baba, which is on the province territory of Fethiye of
Muğla city, is 7 km inside from the coastal line. It rises
just after the Ölüdeniz (Blue Lagoon) beach and faces just
towards to south. You can reach to take off runway via a
45 minutes from Ölüdeniz stabilize but nearly smooth road.
Secure flights can be performed between April and October.
Characteristics: Ölüdeniz, which is the first place
where paragliding is performed in Turkey, has a world -
wide fame. Its unique nature, sun and sea is enchanting
thousands of national and foreign tourists every year, and
has a structure appropriate for all kinds of outdoor
activity. There is no transportation, accommodation and
nutrition problems within the developed touristic center,
region. Yacht tours are also drawing attention in the
area. Mount Baba is preferred as trekking and camping area
during summer and winter.
Take Off Runways:
There are a total of three runways in Mount Baba. 1700
meters high south runway is appropriate for take off. 1800
meters high north runway is a little bit small and
upright. Take off area of the 1900 meters high north peek
runway is very comfortable. As 1700 meters high runway is
taking the south wind just from the opposite side during
the most part of the day, generally take off is made from
here. Approximately 20 wings can be lied on very wide
runway at the same time.
Belcekız beach at the coast of Ölüdeniz, is a long and
very comfortable and secure landing runway with its width.
Characteristics: During summer season, weather is
stable. Sometimes during morning hours a north wind comes
and take off is made from north runways into the valley.
South runway faces a south wind, between 5 - 20 km. during
most of the day hours.
Things that should be
considered: Especially during the beginning and end of the
season, climate change months weather can change rapidly
and cloud can cover the take off area. On south runway,
during the period till to the midday west wind coming from
the west end of the mount, can create a false south wind
DENIZLI - PAMUKKALE
Pamukkale is at the feet of Mount Çökelen which is 21 km
away from Denizli. As it is a touristik region all kinds
of transportation is available to the region.
Flight can be made during all seasons with its warm
An ancient settlement region, Pamukkale is one of the
most important tourism centers of our country where
thousands of tourists are coming every year with its
ancient ruins and travertine formed with the settlement of
There are two hills for
Characteristics: After sun rise, wind which can be
sensed at south - west direction had blows mild till to
the noon hours. Wind which increases its speed during noon
hours slides to the west and nearly fully stops during sun
Take Off Runway:
As 70 m high hill is low it is preferred for amateur
flights. Due to the warm impacts of the underground waters
in all of the region wind changes sensed within the region
is not sensed here. By means of regular winds secure
flights can be made during all of the year.
Flights from the slope is ended at the plains of the
region. Landing points are very secure due to not holding
Things that should be
considered: Though turbulence formed with the speeding
up wind during the noon hours of the months when summer
hot is lived most densely should be considered.
Characteristics: Hill, which is reign by western winds
is especially appropriate for flight during morning hours.
Strong thermal formations which begin around noon are
maintaining long flights for experienced pilots.
Take Off Runway:
Flight runway, which took its name from a former dynamite
warehouse at the peek is 300 meters high. Slope which has
a wide area for take off of two parachutes together
easily, is at a point from where you can see all beauties
Although you can land to the area at the end of flight
track, you can also land securely to the helicopter runway
at the entrance of travertine.
Things that should be
considered: Turbulence formed during noon hours of
summer months require maximum control and consideration
during flights. You can face with turbulence at the end of
take off runway during hard winds. Cross blowing wind
causes asymmetrical close at parachute just after take
off. Also ending of hill with high slope requires a very
quick run for a successful take off.
ANKARA - GÖLBAŞI
Transportation to Gölbaşı region, which is 27 km. away
from Ankara city center can be easily maintained from city
Characteristics: Due to closeness to Ankara it is
possible to benefit from all activities and possibilities
within the city. It is the region where aerial clubs of
universities in Ankara are training Paragliding . Gölbaşı,
is also a promenade place which draw attention of Ankara
residents who want get away from city life goes for
Take Off Runway:
Training hill which faces to a wide plain is very
appropriate for hillside parachute training due its
appropriate altitude and facing wind from all aspects.
BOLU - ABANT
Mountains, is 34 km. south of the Bolu city center.
Asphalt 25 km. long Abant Lake road can be used for
reaching. Road transport to Bolu, which is on the Ankara -
Istanbul highway passing is very easy. For reaching Abant
Lake minibuses departing from city center can be used.
Characteristics: Dense rain forests surrounded Bolu
city is appropriate for all kinds of tourism activity.
Abant Lake, whose environment has a rich plant cover, is
drawing attention as a picnic and resort place during
summers and an appropriate place for winter sports during
winter. Abant Lake surrounding accommodation and nutrition
possibilities can be benefited.
Take Off Runway:
Abant Mountains have more than one take off runways
appropriate for hillside parachute. Generally it is
performed on the hills surrounding Örencik Plateau, near
to Abant Lake, wide, plain and fully covered with grass.
are road and railroad transportation in Eğirdir, which is
60 km. away from Isparta. Local bus firms of Isparta are
passing from Egirdir.
Characteristics: Egirdir which is appropriate for lots
of tourism activities with Eğirdir lake and island, has
very appropriate hills for paragliding parachute. Süleyman
Demirel University Aerial Club is performing training
flights on these hills.
Mountain on the territories of city of Kayseri, is 15 min.
Away from city center. It can be driven up carefully. Or
when you get off the bus at Ali Mountain plate with
getting on to a bus, you can reach to the hill within 45
minutes by foot.
Characteristics: World wide famous Cappadocia present,
Kayseri is welcoming to thousands of tourists each year.
Kayseri is serving possibilities to the other sportive
tourism types such as skiing and cycling besides
paragliding with its appropriate geography. Civil Aviation
VIHE, is organizing training flights to Mount Ali.
Take Off Runway:
It has an altitude difference of 600 to 750, and there are
two take off runways of which one is appropriate to south
winds and other one is north. Steep and smooth inclination
of the hill is appropriate for hours of paragliding, but
you should be careful in weathers with turbulence.
There are easily landing areas in front of the hill.
ESKIŞEHIR / İnönü
There are facilities of
Turkish Aviation Organization within İnönü Province which
is 15 km west of Eskişehir. North facing slopes of the
province, are establishing very appropriate flight
conditions with especially north winds during summer
months. Courses organized by Turkish Aviation Organization
are performed here.
ANTALYA / Aksu
Hill in Aksu province of
Antalya is used as training hill by Akdeniz University,
Avaiation Club. When you turn Perge ruins from Aksu turn
of Antalya - Alanya road, and go for a 10 - 15 km. without
entering Perge 40 - 50 m. high training hill is reached.
Irrigation channel should be considered during flight.
For paragliding lower age
limit is 16 and upper limit is 55. You can be flexible for
upper age limit according to health condition. Kilo limit
is minimum 40 kg, and maximum 130. Epilepsy, asthma,
heart, waist and keel disordered persons can not
participate to hillside parachute training. For
participation to hillside parachute a form declaring that
health conditions are appropriate is filled.
Parachutes (wings) have
various sizes and types according to weight of the pilot
and flight type. Parachute used by light weighted pilot,
is smaller in size than heavy pilot uses. There are 5
types of parachutes showing different performances
according to the training taken and experience.
Paragliding can be
investigated at 4 parts composed of Canopy (Dome), hook
and break ropes, supporting columns and Harness
Canopy It is made up of
texture with no air transparency which will maintain
parachute to remain in the air with supplying air pressure
in the parachute. Canopies, is composed of approximately
40 - 60 cells according to the weight of the pilot and
flight type, and these cells are connected to each other
with valves for maintaining air pressure.
Hook and break ropes
Ropes made up of a very resistant and light material are
moderately to the canopy in order to support the pilot.
Ropes in front of the canopy are collected on front
columns and rear ones are collected on rear columns. Break
ropes are different colored and they pass through a ring
(they won't hurl even if pilot leaves them free) and place
into the final column.
Supporting columns, are connecting dome ropes to
equipment. They maintain suitable holding places to pilot
during take off. They give possibility to use different
harness usage beyond easing take off. While there are
accelerators known as speed system on less developed
hillside parachutes, it is fixed to harness columns on
some of them.
Harness (Equipment) It is
part where pilot will sit. It is basically composed of
hooks passing through feet and arms for equipment of
pilot. Its structure can vary according to the used
material and additional equipment. There are cross columns
on some harnesses. These have a structure of directly
transiting body movement of pilot to upper part for more
securing the dome. There are speed system connections,
back protector, air bag, spare parachute division like
advantages of developed harnesses. All harnesses can be
modified according to the body structure of the pilot.
For performing air sports
securely appropriate weather conditions are very
important. Basic meteorological information is required
especially paragliding Movement of the wind and shapes of
the clouds are the factors initially signing for flight.
Other two factors are turbulence and thermal.
Turbulence They are
vertical aerial movements. Turbulences; are faced during 5
km/h exceeding impact movements, specific geographic
regions, with a wind backward coming to a steep hill, in
thermal entrances and exits and front regions.
Thermal It is formed with
the rise of warm air mass. This air mass composes flight
hindering clouds with cooling, and this is also causes
hard turbulence. Thermal is more formed especially in
rocky regions, asphalt areas, forest region, water region
(river, lake, sea ...) and agricultural areas.