Foça, which is 70 km. north - east
of İzmir, is one of the most important centers amongst 12
Ion cities, established at Aegean coasts by Ions. Foça,
besides its historical and archeological importance, is a
mythological settlement whose name is mentioned in Homeros
One of the most important
centers, established by Ions, who have established
numerous settlements here, including Smyrna, and who are
escaped from Dor invasion of Greece, is Foça. Antic Foça
city is included by 12 Ion union, is at the Aiolis region.
Foça, who took Antic city Phokaia name from "seals", was
an important harbor and had an important naval forces at
their era. Foça, had established colonies in cities at
eastern costs of Marsala and Spain, Velia near Pastum and
Alain of Corsica with its naval fleet. Foça had lived
Persia, Alexander the Great, Genevians and Ottoman eras.
Phokaia city, which had
entered into development period, beginning from 7th
century B. C., had shown great improvement in sailing
according to "Father of History", Heredot. Phokaians, who
were using fast ships with 50 shovels and 500 passenger
transportation power, were the first Helens who go for
long sea voyage. They have introduced Adriatic Etruria,
İberia and Tartessos to Helen world.
climate is reigning in Foça. It passes as hot and dry
during summers and warm and rainy during winters. It takes
a windy sea weather from three sides. Average temperature
of summer months is 26 degrees, and its sea water
temperature is 22 degrees. Hottest months of summer are
July and August.